Jaw surgery or Orthognathic is an operation to repositioning the jaws. It basically aims to correct imbalance between the upper and lower jaws which will be enable the teeth to bite together correctly. Also, it has the benefit of balancing and enhancing the facial appearance of patients. The procedure usually performed entirely inside of the mouth, therefore it doesn’t lead for facial scar after the procedure on patient’s chin or jaw around the mouth. Purposes of jaw surgery include correcting a wide range of minor and major skeletal and dental irregularities, also misalignment of jaws and teeth.
Type of Jaw Surgery
Upper Jaw Surgery
Upper Jaw surgery is basically performed to solve problem likes significantly receded upper jaw, cross bite, open bite, and too much or too little of the teeth showing. Upper jaw includes the area of the bone between the teeth and both eyes socket. The procedure usually performed inside of the mouth by cutting the bone of the above mouth roof or upper teeth before moving them to the correct position until they fit with the lower teeth properly.
Lower Jaw Surgery
Lower jaw surgery is mostly performed to correct the weak chin or protruding chin problem. In this procedure, surgeon will firstly make cuts behind the molars and lengthwise down the jawbone to make the front of the jaw move as one unit. Hence, the jaw sides smoothly place to a correct position.
After Jaw Surgery Procedure
Like other surgery, there might be some indication after jaw surgery such as bleeding and swelling. The mouth opens and closes normally, even the day of procedure. However, the opening is limited by the elastic bands and swelling. Most patients find the swelling is at its worst 36-48 hours after the surgery and it gradually goes down over the next fortnight. Patient will be encourage to eat and drink from the first day and gradually progress from soft and mushy food. Patient will be suggested to follow the recommendation of surgeon on taking painkiller and using gel pack to reduce swelling and redness.